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Jackson의 모든 것 - Property 편

배워서 남 주는 Jaime.Lee 2019. 11. 20. 15:12
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모든 소스는 여기서 확인하실 수 있습니다.

@JsonIgnoreProperties

@JsonIgnoreProperties는 Jackson이 무시할 속성 또는 속성 리스트를 나타냅니다. 문자열 배열 형식으로 나타낼 수 있습니다.

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonIgnoreProperties;
import lombok.AccessLevel;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@NoArgsConstructor(access = AccessLevel.PROTECTED)
@JsonIgnoreProperties("password")
public class BeanWithIgnoreProperties {
    private String id;
    private String name;
    private String password;
}

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.Test;

import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.not;
import static org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat;
import static org.hamcrest.core.StringContains.containsString;

public class BeanWithIgnorePropertiesTests {
    @Test
    public void WhenJsonIgnorePropertiesProvided_ThenSerialize_ExpectIgnored() throws JsonProcessingException {
        // when
        BeanWithIgnoreProperties bean = new BeanWithIgnoreProperties();
        bean.setId("id");
        bean.setName("name");
        bean.setPassword("password");

        // then
        String json = new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(bean);

        // expected
        assertThat(json, not(containsString("password")));
        System.out.println(json);
    }
}

 

Testing started at 3:07 PM ...
> Task :jackson:cleanTest
> Task :jackson:compileJava
> Task :jackson:processResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:classes
> Task :jackson:compileTestJava
> Task :jackson:processTestResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:testClasses
> Task :jackson:test
{"id":"id","name":"name"}
BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 10s
4 actionable tasks: 4 executed
3:07:37 PM: Tasks execution finished ':jackson:cleanTest :jackson:test --tests "io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain.BeanWithIgnorePropertiesTests.WhenJsonIgnorePropertiesProvided_ThenSerialize_ExpectIgnored"'.

password 필드를 무시하라고 명시하였으므로 serialize 하였을 때 password 필드가 누락된 것을 확인할 수 있습니다.

 

@JsonIgnore

@JsonIgnoreProperties와 동일한 기능을 하지만 주로 필드변수에 직접 사용합니다.

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonIgnore;
import lombok.AccessLevel;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@NoArgsConstructor(access = AccessLevel.PROTECTED)
public class BeanWithIgnore {
    private String id;
    private String name;
    @JsonIgnore
    private String password;
}

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.Test;

import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.not;
import static org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat;
import static org.hamcrest.core.StringContains.containsString;

public class BeanWithIgnoreTests {
    @Test
    public void WhenJsonIgnoreProvided_ThenSerialize_ExpectIgnored() throws JsonProcessingException {
        // when
        BeanWithIgnore bean = new BeanWithIgnore();
        bean.setId("id");
        bean.setName("name");
        bean.setPassword("password");

        // then
        String json = new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(bean);

        // expected
        assertThat(json, not(containsString("password")));
        System.out.println(json);
    }
}

 

Testing started at 8:49 PM ...
Gradle Daemon started in 759 ms
> Task :jackson:cleanTest
> Task :jackson:compileJava
> Task :jackson:processResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:classes
> Task :jackson:compileTestJava
> Task :jackson:processTestResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:testClasses
> Task :jackson:test
{"id":"id","name":"name"}
BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 10s
4 actionable tasks: 4 executed
8:49:10 PM: Tasks execution finished ':jackson:cleanTest :jackson:test --tests "io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain.BeanWithIgnoreTests"'.

 

@JsonIgnoreType

어노테이션이있는 유형의 모든 특성이 무시되도록 표시합니다.

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonIgnoreType;
import lombok.AccessLevel;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@NoArgsConstructor(access = AccessLevel.PROTECTED)
public class BeanWithJsonIgnoreType {
    private int id;
    private Name name;

    @Data
    @NoArgsConstructor(access = AccessLevel.PROTECTED)
    @JsonIgnoreType
    public static class Name {
        private String firstName;
        private String lastName;
    }
}

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers;
import org.junit.Assert;
import org.junit.Test;

public class BeanWithJsonIgnoreTypeTests {
    @Test
    public void WhenJsonIgnoreTypeProvided_ThenSerialize_ExpectedIgnored() throws JsonProcessingException {
        // when
        BeanWithJsonIgnoreType.Name name = new BeanWithJsonIgnoreType.Name();
        name.setFirstName("Jungmin");
        name.setLastName("Lee");
        BeanWithJsonIgnoreType bean = new BeanWithJsonIgnoreType();
        bean.setId(1);
        bean.setName(name);

        // then
        String json = new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(bean);

        // expected
        System.out.println(json);
        Assert.assertThat(json, CoreMatchers.not(CoreMatchers.containsString("Jungmin")));
        Assert.assertThat(json, CoreMatchers.not(CoreMatchers.containsString("Lee")));
        Assert.assertThat(json, CoreMatchers.not(CoreMatchers.containsString("name")));
    }
}

 

Testing started at 10:46 AM ...
> Task :jackson:cleanTest
> Task :jackson:compileJava
> Task :jackson:processResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:classes
> Task :jackson:compileTestJava
> Task :jackson:processTestResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:testClasses
> Task :jackson:test
{"id":1}
BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 1s
4 actionable tasks: 4 executed
10:46:44 AM: Tasks execution finished ':jackson:cleanTest :jackson:test --tests "io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain.BeanWithJsonIgnoreTypeTests.WhenJsonIgnoreTypeProvided_ThenSerialize_ExpectedIgnored"'.

 

@JsonInclude

비어있거나(empty), null이거나 기본값인 속성을 포함하거나 제외하기위해 사용합니다.

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonInclude;
import lombok.AccessLevel;
import lombok.Data;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@Data
@NoArgsConstructor(access = AccessLevel.PROTECTED)
@JsonInclude(JsonInclude.Include.NON_NULL)
public class BeanWithJsonInclude {
    private Integer id;
    private String name;
}

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.Test;

import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.containsString;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.not;
import static org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat;

public class BeanWithJsonIncludeTests {
    @Test
    public void WhenBeanWithJsonIncludeProvided_ThenSerialize_ExpectCorrect() throws JsonProcessingException {
        // when
        BeanWithJsonInclude beanWithId = new BeanWithJsonInclude();
        beanWithId.setId(1);
        beanWithId.setName(null);

        BeanWithJsonInclude beanWithName = new BeanWithJsonInclude();
        beanWithName.setId(null);
        beanWithName.setName("name");

        // then
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();
        String jsonWithId = objectMapper.writeValueAsString(beanWithId);
        String jsonWithName = objectMapper.writeValueAsString(beanWithName);

        // expected
        System.out.println(jsonWithId);
        System.out.println(jsonWithName);
        assertThat(jsonWithId, not(containsString("name")));
        assertThat(jsonWithName, not(containsString("id")));
    }
}

 

Testing started at 10:58 AM ...
> Task :jackson:cleanTest
> Task :jackson:compileJava
> Task :jackson:processResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:classes
> Task :jackson:compileTestJava
> Task :jackson:processTestResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:testClasses
> Task :jackson:test
{"id":1}
{"name":"name"}
BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 1s
4 actionable tasks: 4 executed
10:58:08 AM: Tasks execution finished ':jackson:cleanTest :jackson:test --tests "io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain.BeanWithJsonIncludeTests.WhenBeanWithJsonIncludeProvided_ThenSerialize_ExpectCorrect"'.

 

@JsonAutoDetect

visibility에 따라 표시 여부를 결정합니다.

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.annotation.JsonAutoDetect;
import lombok.AccessLevel;
import lombok.NoArgsConstructor;

@NoArgsConstructor(access = AccessLevel.PROTECTED)
@JsonAutoDetect(fieldVisibility = JsonAutoDetect.Visibility.NON_PRIVATE)
public class BeanWithJsonAutoDetect {
    public int id;
    protected String name;
    private String password;

    public BeanWithJsonAutoDetect(int id, String name, String password) {
        this.id = id;
        this.name = name;
        this.password = password;
    }
}

 

package io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.core.JsonProcessingException;
import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import org.junit.Test;

import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.containsString;
import static org.hamcrest.CoreMatchers.not;
import static org.hamcrest.MatcherAssert.assertThat;

public class BeanWithJsonAutoDetectTests {

    @Test
    public void WhenBeanHasJsonAutoDetectAnnotation_ThenSerialize_ExpectCorrect() throws JsonProcessingException {
        // when
        BeanWithJsonAutoDetect bean = new BeanWithJsonAutoDetect(1, "Jungmin", "password");

        // then
        String json = new ObjectMapper().writeValueAsString(bean);

        // expected
        System.out.println(json);
        assertThat(json, not(containsString("password")));
    }
}

 

Testing started at 11:12 AM ...
> Task :jackson:cleanTest
> Task :jackson:compileJava
> Task :jackson:processResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:classes
> Task :jackson:compileTestJava
> Task :jackson:processTestResources NO-SOURCE
> Task :jackson:testClasses
> Task :jackson:test
{"id":1,"name":"Jungmin"}
BUILD SUCCESSFUL in 1s
4 actionable tasks: 4 executed
11:12:54 AM: Tasks execution finished ':jackson:cleanTest :jackson:test --tests "io.lcalmsky.jackson.domain.BeanWithJsonAutoDetectTests.WhenBeanHasJsonAutoDetectAnnotation_ThenSerialize_ExpectCorrect"'.

 

 

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